Assessing the Risk of African Swine Fever Introduction into the European Union by Wild Boar



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De la Torre, Ana and Bosch, J. and Iglesias Martín, Irene and Muñoz Reoyo, María Jesús and Mur, Lina and Martínez López, Beatriz and Martínez Avilés, Marta and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel (2013) Assessing the Risk of African Swine Fever Introduction into the European Union by Wild Boar. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 62 (3). pp. 272-279. ISSN 18651674

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The presence of African swine fever (ASF) in the Caucasus region and Russian Federation has increased concerns that wild boars may introduce the ASF virus into the European Union (EU). This study describes a semi-quantitative approach for evaluating the risk of ASF introduction into the EU by wild boar movements based on the following risk estimators: the susceptible population of (1) wild boars and (2) domestic pigs in the country of origin; the outbreak density in (3) wild boars and (4) domestic pigs in the countries of origin, the (5) suitable habitat for wild boars along the EU border; and the distance between the EU border and the nearest ASF outbreak in (6) wild boars or (7) domestic pigs. Sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the most influential risk estimators. The highest risk was found to be concentrated in Finland, Romania, Latvia and Poland, and wild boar habitat and outbreak density were the two most important risk estimators. Animal health authorities in at-risk countries should be aware of these risk estimators and should communicate closely with wild boar hunters and pig farmers to rapidly detect and control ASF.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:African swine fever; risk assessment; European Union; wild boar pathway
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary
ID Code:43030
Deposited On:17 Aug 2017 11:21
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 07:30

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