Birth of a quasi-stationary black hole in an outcoupled Bose–Einstein condensate



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Muñoz de Nova, Juan Ramón and Guéry Odelin, D. and Sols Lucía, Fernando and Zapata, I. (2014) Birth of a quasi-stationary black hole in an outcoupled Bose–Einstein condensate. New journal of physics, 16 . ISSN 1367-2630

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We study the evolution of an initially confined atom condensate, which is progressively outcoupled by gradually lowering the confining barrier on one side. The goal is to identify protocols that best lead to a quasi-stationary sonic black hole separating regions of subsonic and supersonic flow. An optical lattice is found to be more efficient than a single barrier in yielding a long-time stationary flow. This is best achieved if the final conduction band is broad and its minimum is not much lower than the initial chemical potential. An optical lattice with a realistic Gaussian envelope yields similar results. We analytically prove and numerically check that, within a spatially coarse-grained description, the sonic horizon is bound to lie right at the envelope maximum. We derive an analytical formula for the Hawking temperature in that setup.

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© 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
We thank I Carusotto and R Parentani for valuable discussions. This work has been supported by MINECO (Spain) through grants FIS2010-21372 and FIS2013-41716-P, Comunidad de Madrid through grant MICROSERES-CM (S2009/TIC-1476), and the Institut Universitaire de France.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Optical Lattice; Atoms; Evaporation; Analog; Laser
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:43233
Deposited On:26 Jun 2017 14:53
Last Modified:27 Jun 2017 07:39

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