Iberian late-Variscan granitoids: Some considerations on crustal sources and the significance of “mantle extraction ages



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Fernández Suárez, Javier and Gutiérrez Alonso, Gabriel and Johnston, Stephen T. and Jeffries, Teresa E. and Pastor Galán, Daniel and Jenner, G.A. and Murphy, J. Brendam (2011) Iberian late-Variscan granitoids: Some considerations on crustal sources and the significance of “mantle extraction ages. Lithos (Oslo. Print), 123 . pp. 121-132. ISSN 0024-4937

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A suite of post-tectonic granitoids (mostly peraluminous, broadly I-type granodiorites and monzogranites) and mafic rocks from NWIberia with crystallization ages between ca. 309 and 290 Ma has been investigated for Sm–Nd isotopes and inherited zircon content in order to constrain the nature of their source rocks. εNd values (at 300 Ma) vary from −0.2 to −5.9 and TDM values range from 1.01 to 1.58 Ga. Inherited (xenocrystic) zircons yielded ages ranging from 458 to 676 Ma, with 90% of data between 490 and 646 Ma, corresponding to Neoproterozoic(mostly Ediacaran), Cambrian andOrdovician ages. Only three highlydiscordant analyses yielded ages older than 650 Ma. Based on the data reported herein and relevant data fromthe literaturewe contend that post-tectonic granitoids of the Iberian Variscan Belt (with exception of the scarce anatectic S-type granitoids) were derived mostly from metaigneous lower crustal sources which in turn were ultimately derived from a subcontinental lithospheric mantle enriched between ca. 0.9 and 1.1 Ga. I-type granitoids and mantle-derived mafic rocks both underwent varying degrees of contamination by ametasedimentary lower crust depleted in pre-650 Ma zircon (through previousmelting episodes) with a time-integrated Sm–Nd evolution different to that of the metaigneous lower crust. Participation of this metasedimentary crust in the genesis of these granitoids may account for Nd isotopic variability and Nd model ages well in excess of 1.2 Ga.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Late Variscan granitoids; Iberian Variscan belt; Sm–Nd Isotopes Inherited zircon Granite sources
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:43796
Deposited On:07 Jul 2017 10:01
Last Modified:06 Mar 2020 09:09

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