Design of a Rotamer Library for Coarse-Grained Models in Protein-Folding Simulations



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Larriva, María and Rey, Antonio (2014) Design of a Rotamer Library for Coarse-Grained Models in Protein-Folding Simulations. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 54 (1). pp. 302-313. ISSN 1549-9596 (Print) 1549-960X (On Line)

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Rotamer libraries usually contain geometric information to trace an amino acid side chain, atom by atom, onto a protein backbone. These libraries have been widely used in protein design, structure refinement and prediction, homology modeling, and X-ray and NMR structure validation. However, they usually present too much information and are not always fully compatible with the coarse-grained models of the protein geometry that are frequently used to tackle the protein-folding problem through molecular simulation. In this work, we introduce a new backbone-dependent rotamer library for side chains compatible with low-resolution models in polypeptide chains. We have dispensed with an atomic description of proteins, representing each amino acid side chain by its geometric center (or centroid). The resulting rotamers have been estimated from a statistical analysis of a large structural database consisting of high-resolution X-ray protein structures. As additional information, each rotamer includes the frequency with which it has been found during the statistical analysis. More importantly, the library has been designed with a careful control to ensure that the vast majority of side chains in protein structures (at least 95% of residues) are properly represented. We have tested our library using an independent set of proteins, and our results support a good correlation between the reconstructed centroids from our rotamer library and those in the experimental structures. This new library can serve to improve the definition of side chain centroids in coarse-grained models, avoiding at the same time an excessive additional complexity in a geometric model for the polypeptide chain.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
ID Code:43829
Deposited On:13 Jul 2017 11:50
Last Modified:21 Jul 2017 10:51

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