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People and nature in the Fuerteventura Biosphere Reserve (Canary Islands): socio-ecological relationships under climate change



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Schmitz García, María Fe and Arnaiz Schmitz, Cecilia and Herrero Jaúregui, Cristina and Díaz, Pablo and Gaspar García de Matos, Daniela and Díaz Pineda, Francisco (2017) People and nature in the Fuerteventura Biosphere Reserve (Canary Islands): socio-ecological relationships under climate change. Environmental Conservation . pp. 1-10. ISSN 0376-8929, ESSN: 1469-4387

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Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/environmental-conservation/article/people-and-nature-in-the-fuerteventura-biosphere-reserve-canary-islands-socioecological-relationships-under-climate-change/54233BD81BB6C1AA56FBBFA556CF06F7#


This paper analyses the interdependence between environment and society in terms of socio-ecological webs, in which human and biophysical systems are linked. A quantitative model, based on canonical correlation analysis applied in Fuerteventura Island (Canary Archipelago), detected indicators of human– landscape relationships and predicted potential shifts based on simulated environmental changes. In the last few decades, the landscape of Fuerteventura Island has changed: natural components and cultural agrarian uses have decreased, while the population has increased due to immigration, mainly from mainland Spain and other European countries. The island shows a transition from a coupled local socio-ecosystem to one based on the interaction between environment and coastal tourism that decouples native inhabitants from the landscape and traditional land-use practices. As vulnerability and adaptation to climate change represent critical sets of potential interactions in Canary Islands, a model and a map of the socioecological system under four Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scenarios show rural decoupling through ‘deagrarianization’ and ‘deruralization’, as well as stronger links to the tourism system.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Coupled socio-ecological systems; Deagrarianization; Deruralization; Humans in nature; IPCC scenarios; Local populations; Socio-ecological webs; Tourism system
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
Medical sciences > Biology > Environment
ID Code:43963
Deposited On:18 Jul 2017 11:04
Last Modified:02 Mar 2018 11:57

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