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Force-free state in a superconducting single crystal and angle-dependent vortex helical instability



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Valle Granda, Javier del and Gómez Nicola, Ángel and González Herrera, Elvira María and Mañas Baena, Manuel and Coronado, E. and Vicent López, José Luis (2017) Force-free state in a superconducting single crystal and angle-dependent vortex helical instability. Physical review B, 65 (22). ISSN 2469-9950

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.224510


Superconducting 2H-NbSe_2 single crystals show intrinsic low pinning values. Therefore, they are ideal materials with which to explore fundamental properties of vortices. (V, I) characteristics are the experimental data we have used to investigate the dissipation mechanisms in a rectangular-shaped 2H-NbSe_2 single crystal. Particularly, we have studied dissipation behavior with magnetic fields applied in the plane of the crystal and parallel to the injected currents, i.e., in the force-free state where the vortex helical instability governs the vortex dynamics. In this regime, the data follow the elliptic critical state model and the voltage dissipation shows an exponential dependence, V α e^{[( α ( I-I_(c _II))]}, I_(cII)being the critical current in the force-free configuration and a a linear temperature-dependent parameter. Moreover, this exponential dependence can be observed for in-plane applied magnetic fields up to 40 ° off the current direction, which implies that the vortex helical instability plays a role in dissipation even out of the force-free configuration.

Item Type:Article
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©2017 American Physical Society.
We are grateful for support from Spanish Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad Grants No. FIS2013-45469-C4-1-R and No. FIS2016-76058-C4-1-R
(AEI/FEDER,EU) and Comunidad de Madrid Grant No. P2013/MIT-2850. E.C. and S.M.-V. acknowledge the financial support from the Spanish Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad (MAT2014-56143-R cofinanced by FEDER and Excellence Unit “María de Maeztu” MDM-2015- 0538) and the Generalitat Valenciana (Program Prometeo). S.M.-V. thanks the Spanish Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad for a F.P.U. fellowship (FPU14/04407)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Transition-metal dichalcogenides; Longitudinal current; II superconductors; Superfluid-helium; Vortices; Dynamics; Lattice; Line; Reconnection; 2H-NbSe2
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:44643
Deposited On:10 Oct 2017 11:55
Last Modified:08 Feb 2018 16:12

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