Southern European ionospheric TEC maps based on Kriging technique to monitor ionosphere behavior



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Rodríguez Bouza, Marta and Paparini, Claudia and Otero, Xurso and Herraiz, M. and Radicella, S. M. and Abe, Oladipo E. and Rodríguez Caderot, Gracia (2017) Southern European ionospheric TEC maps based on Kriging technique to monitor ionosphere behavior. Advances in space research, 60 . pp. 1606-1616. ISSN 0273-1177

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Global or regional Maps of the ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) are an efficient tool to monitor the delay introduced by the ionosphere in the satellite signals. Ionospheric disturbance periods are of particular interest because these conditions can strongly affect satellite navigation range measurements. This work presents post-processing regional vertical TEC maps over Southern Europe ([35 degrees N-50 degrees N] latitude) obtained by applying Kriging interpolation to GPS derived TEC over more than 100 Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations. These maps are used to study the behavior of the ionosphere during space weather events and their effects. To validate these maps, hereafter called Southern European Ionospheric Maps (SEIMs), their TEC values have been compared with those obtained from EGNOS Message Server (EMS) and with direct experimental TEC data from GNSS stations. Ionospheric space weather events related to geomagnetic storms of March 17th, 2013, February 19th, 2014 and March 17th, 2015 have been selected. To test the methodology, one period of quiet days has been also analyzed. TEC values obtained by SEIMs in the Ionospheric Grid Points (IGPs) defined by EGNOS are very close to those given by EMS and in the period of major geomagnetic storms the difference does not exceed 6 TEC units. These results confirm the good performance of the technique used for obtaining the SEIMs that can be a useful tool to study the ionosphere behavior during geomagnetic storms and their effects in the region of interest.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Regional ionospheric maps; TEC; Kriging interpolation
Subjects:Sciences > Mathematics > Geodesy
ID Code:45502
Deposited On:27 Nov 2017 10:15
Last Modified:25 Nov 2019 09:13

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