Weight and height percentiles calculated by the LMS method in Argentinean schoolchildren. A comparative references study



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Oyhenart, Evelia E. and Lomaglio, Delia Beatriz and Dahinten, Silvia L. V and Bejarano, Ignacio F. and Herráez, Ángel and Cesani, María F. and Torres, María F. and Luis, María A. and Quintero, Fabián A. and Alfaro, Emma L. and Orden, Alicia B. and Bergel Sanchis, María L. and González Montero de Espinosa, Marisa and Garraza, Mariela and Luna, María E. and Forte, Luis Ma. and Mesa Santurino, María Soledad and Moreno Romero, Susana and López-Ejeda, Noemí and Dipierri, José E. and Marrodán Serrano, Dolores (2015) Weight and height percentiles calculated by the LMS method in Argentinean schoolchildren. A comparative references study. Annals of Human Biology, 42 (5). pp. 439-446. ISSN 0301-4460, ESSN: 1464-5033

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/03014460.2014.968207


Background: The Argentinean population is characterized by ethnic, cultural and socio-economic diversity.
Aim: To calculate the percentiles of weight-for-age (W/A) and height-for-age (H/A) of schoolchildren from Argentina employing the LMS method; and to compare the obtained percentiles with those of the international and national references. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data of 18 698 students (8672 girls and 10 026 boys) of 3–13 years old were collected (2003–2008) from Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Jujuy, La Pampa and Mendoza. Percentiles of W/A and H/A were obtained with the LMS method. Statistical and graphical comparisons were established with the WHO (international reference) and with that published by the Argentinean Paediatric Society (national reference).
Results: Differences in W/A and H/A, regarding the references, were negative and greater at the highest percentiles and in most of the age groups. On average, the differences were greater for boys than girls and for national than international references.
Conclusion: The distribution of weight and height of schoolchildren, coming from most regions of the country, differs from those of national and international references. It should be advisable to establish a new national reference based on internationally recognized methodological criteria that adequately reflect the biological and cultural diversity of the Argentinean populations.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Argentinean reference; Children growth, WHO reference
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:46322
Deposited On:05 Feb 2018 09:24
Last Modified:26 May 2021 10:52

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