Simple factorization of unitary transformations



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de Guise, Hubert and Di Matteo, Olivia and Sánchez Soto, Luis Lorenzo (2018) Simple factorization of unitary transformations. Physical review A, 97 (2). ISSN 2469-9926

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We demonstrate a method for general linear optical networks that allows one to factorize any SU(n) matrix in terms of two SU(n-1) blocks coupled by an SU(2) entangling beam splitter. The process can be recursively continued in a straightforward way, ending in a tidy arrangement of SU(2) transformations. The method hinges only on a linear relationship between input and output states, and can thus be applied to a variety of scenarios, such as microwaves, acoustics, and quantum fields.

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©2018 American Physical Society.
The work of H.d.G. and O.D.M. is supported by NSERC
of Canada. I.Q.C. is supported in part by the Government of
Canada and the Province of Ontario. O.D.M. is also grateful
for hospitality at the MPL. L.L.S.S. acknowledges financial
support from the Spanish MINECO (Grant No. FIS2015-
67963-P). We thank L. Rudnicki for helpful discussions.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Experimental realization; Quantum computation; Linear optics; Matrices; Interferometers; Processor; States; SU(3)
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
ID Code:46915
Deposited On:12 Apr 2018 13:44
Last Modified:13 Apr 2018 07:30

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