Updated Iberian archeomagnetic catalogue: new full vector Paleosecular variation curve for the last three millennia



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Molina Cardín, Alberto and Osete López, María Luisa and Pavón Carrasco, Francisco Javier and Palencia Ortas, Alicia and Martín Hernández, Fátima and Guerrero Suárez, Sara and Pérez Fuentes, J. C. and Arquero Campuzano, Saioa and Rivero Montero, M. and Gómez Paccard, M. (2018) Updated Iberian archeomagnetic catalogue: new full vector Paleosecular variation curve for the last three millennia. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 19 (10). pp. 3637-3653. ISSN 1525-2027

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007781


Plain language summary In this work, we present 16 directional and 27 intensity high-quality values from Iberia. Moreover, we have updated the Iberian archeomagnetic catalogue published more than 10years ago with a considerable increase in the database. This has led to a notable improvement of both temporal and spatial data distribution. A full vector paleosecular variation curve from 1000 BC to 1900 AD has been developed using high-quality data within a radius of 900km from Madrid. A hierarchical bootstrap method has been followed for the computation of the curves. The most remarkable feature of the new curves is a notable intensity maximum of about 80T around 600 BC, which has not been previously reported for the Iberian Peninsula. We have also analyzed the evolution of the paleofield in Europe for the last three thousand years and conclude that the high maximum intensity values observed around 600 BC in the Iberian Peninsula could respond to the same feature as the Levantine Iron Age Anomaly, after travelling westward through Europe. Knowledge of the Earth's magnetic field plays an important role on the understanding of its dynamics. By measuring certain rocks or archeological objects from around the world, we can determine the field's shape and intensity in former times. Knowing its evolution is essential to understand how this field is generated, how it has varied through time and how it may behave in the future. In this work, we present new measurements of the magnetic field from the Iberian Peninsula that provide useful constraints on the magnetic field for archeological times that currently lack information. We have updated the compilation of Iberian data for the last 3,000years and calculated a new reference curve for the magnetic field for this region. We have found that the magnetic field was particularly intense in the Iberian Peninsula about 2,600 years ago. By comparing this result with data from Europe and the Middle East, we observe that this high intensity has been moving from east to west through southern Europe. This feature is probably related with the rapid intensity change (the geomagnetic spike) recently discovered in the Levantine region.

Item Type:Article
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©2018. American Geophysical Union
Artículo firmado por más de diez autores.
We are very grateful for two excellent reviews, made by L. Tauxe and one anonymous reviewer, which substantially improved the quality of the manuscript. The new data associated with this publication are available from the MagIC database in http://earthref.org/MagIC/16505 (DOI: 10.7288/V4/MAGIC/16505). Authors acknowledge the Spanish Ministry of Economy (CGL2014-54112-R and CGL2017-87015-P projects; BES-2015-074575 and BES-2016-077257 grants), the Spanish Ministry of Education (FPU14/02422 grant), and the Autonomous Community of Madrid through the European Youth Employment Initiative (PEJ15/AMB/AI-0203). M. G. P. and M. R. acknowledge the Ramon y Cajal program and the CGL2015-63888-R project of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Financial support was also given by the PICS International Program for Scientific Cooperation (CNRS-France and CSIC-Spain). All data or their sources (GEOMAGIA50. v3, http://geomagia.gfz-potsdam.de/index.php and HISTMAG, http://www.conradobservatory.at/zamg/index.php/dataen/histmag-database) are indicated within the main text or the supporting information.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Field intensity variations; Palaeosecular variation curve; Earths magnetic-field; Roman pottery kiln; Geomagnetic-field; Secular variation; Western-Europe; Iron-age; Calahorra Spain; Paleointensity; Archeomagnetism; Secular variation; Archeodirection; Archeointensity; Iberian peninsula
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Geophysics
Sciences > Physics > Meteorology
ID Code:50665
Deposited On:11 Jan 2019 17:16
Last Modified:03 Apr 2019 23:01

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