Biometric Alterations of Mouse Embryonic Eye Structures Due to Short-Term Folic Acid Deficiency



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Sijilmassi, Ouafa and López Alonso, José Manuel and Rio Sevilla, Aurora del and Murillo González, Jorge Alfonso and Barrio Asensio, María del Carmen (2018) Biometric Alterations of Mouse Embryonic Eye Structures Due to Short-Term Folic Acid Deficiency. Current Eye Research . ISSN 0271-3683

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Purpose: Folic acid (FA) is an essential nutrient for normal embryonic development. FA deficiency (FAD) in maternal diet increases the risk of several defects among the progeny, especially, neural tube defects. The eye begins its development from the neural tube; however, the relationship between FAD and ocular development in the offspring has been little explored and it isn’t known how the FAD affects the formation of the eye. Our objective was to analyze the effect of maternal FAD on mouse embryos ocular biometry.
Methods: Female mice C57/BL/6J were distributed into three different groups, according to the assigned diet: control group fed a standard FA diet (2 mg FA/kg), FAD group for short term fed (0 mg FA/kg + 1% succinylsulfathiazole) from the day after mating until day 14.5 of gestation, and FAD group for long term fed the same FA-deficient diet for 6 weeks prior mating and continued with this diet during gestation. A total of 57 embryos (19 embryos of each dietary group) at 14.5 gestational days were evaluated. As indicators of changes in ocular biometry, we analyze two parameters: area and circularity of the lens and whole eye, and the area of the retina. The program used in the treatment and selection of the areas of interest was ImageJ. The statistical analysis was performed by IBM SPSS Statistics 19.
Results: Regarding the measures of the area, FA-deficient lenses and eyes were smaller than that of controls. We have also observed increase in the size of the neural retina, spatially, in embryos from females fed FAD diet during long term. On the other hand, as regard to circularity measures, we have seen that eyes and lenses were more circular than control.
Conclusion: Maternal FAD diet for a very short term generates morphological changes in ocular structures to the offspring.

Item Type:Article
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Received 21 May 2018, Accepted 01 Nov 2018, Accepted author version posted online: 07 Nov 2018, Published online: 15 Nov 2018.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of the article published by Taylor & Francis in Current Eye Research, available online:

Uncontrolled Keywords:Folic acid deficiency, Ocular biometry, Eye abnormalities, Development, Statistical analysis
Subjects:Sciences > Mathematics > Applied statistics
Medical sciences > Biology > Biochemistry
Medical sciences > Optics > Eyes anatomy
Medical sciences > Optics > Physiological optics
ID Code:51699
Deposited On:01 Mar 2019 08:31
Last Modified:01 Nov 2019 00:01

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