Novel liposome-based and in situ gelling artificial tear formulation for dry eye disease treatment



Downloads per month over past year

Acar, Duygu and Molina Martínez, Irene Teresa and Gómez Ballesteros, Miguel and Guzmán Navarro, Manuel and Benítez del Castillo, José Manuel and Herrero Vanrell, Rocío (2018) Novel liposome-based and in situ gelling artificial tear formulation for dry eye disease treatment. Contact Lens & Anterior Eye, 41 (1). pp. 93-96. ISSN 1367-0484

[thumbnail of Article published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal]
PDF (Article published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal)
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL:


Purpose. Artificial tears are widely used in the treatment of dry eye disease, although current formulations do not closely resemble natural tears. The purpose of this study was the design and characterization of a novel in situ gelling artificial tear formulation, containing both lipid and aqueous components, in order to resemble natural tears and replenish the tear film.
Methods. Liposomes, containing phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, vitamins A and E, were prepared by the thin-film hydration method. The aqueous phase of the formulation was comprised of gellan gum, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, levocarnitine, electrolytes (sodium chloride and potassium chloride), trehalose, and borates. The artificial tear was characterized in terms of liposome size, pH, surface tension, and viscosity. In vitro tolerance studies were performed in a human epithelial carcinoma cell line (HeLa) and a murine macrophage cell line (J774). In vivo tolerance was assessed in rabbits.
Results. Liposomes presented a unimodal distribution with a mean size of 200.1 ± 4.4 nm. The resulting surface tension was 53.4 ± 1.1 mN/m (at 33°C) and the pH was 7.6 ± 0.1. The viscosity of the formulation presented a mean value of 4.0 ± 0.1 mPa.s within the shear rate interval of 200-1000 s-1 at 33°C. Cell viability remained higher than 90% in both cell lines. No discomfort or clinical signs were observed in rabbits.
Conclusions. The liposome-based and in situ gelling artificial tear formulation presented good tolerance and suitable properties for topical ophthalmic administration. It may be beneficial in the treatment of dry eye disease.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

This work was supported also by FEDER-CICYT FIS-PI17/00079 and FIS- PI17/00466, and the Research Group UCM 920415.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Dry eye, Artificial tear, Liposome, In situ gel, Nanotechnology
Subjects:Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical technology
ID Code:55102
Deposited On:14 May 2019 09:43
Last Modified:04 Nov 2020 11:05

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page