MALDI-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry imaging for lipidomic analysis in kidney under cisplatin chemotherapy



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Moreno Gordaliza, Estefanía and Esteban Fernández, Diego and Lázaro, Alberto and Humanes, Blanca and Aboulmagd, Sarah and Tejedor, Alberto and Linscheid, Michael W. and Gómez Gómez, M.Milagros (2017) MALDI-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry imaging for lipidomic analysis in kidney under cisplatin chemotherapy. Talanta, 164 . pp. 16-26. ISSN 0039-9140

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Imaging techniques for mapping molecular distributions in tissue sections can reveal valuable information on biomolecules involved in relevant biochemical processes. A method has been developed for comprehensive, reproducible and sensitive lipid imaging by matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry in kidney sections, showing the benefits of exact mass determination. Matrix deposition parameters for positive and negative lipid ion imaging using different matrices such as 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB), 9-aminoacridine (9-AA) or α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) have been optimized for the broadest detection and identification of renal lipids. The combination of 9-AA and DHB was found as the most suitable for negative and positive ion mode lipid imaging, respectively. Lipid mapping and related identification strategies and limitations have also been discussed. Production of 100-µm resolution images was proved to be enough for discerning lipid distribution in kidney substructures. Imaging reproducibility was assessed on parallel kidney slices with time. This method has been applied to the lipidomics analysis on kidney sections from rats treated with the antitumor drug cisplatin and compared to healthy control rats. Up to 66 different renal lipids out of 450 extracted ion images (mainly phospholipid species, in addition to sulfatides and cholesterol sulfate) have been found and identified showing a modified distribution pattern due to cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. These lipid species reflect either topographic, signaling or structural processes in damaged kidney and could potentially be used for nephrotoxicity assessment or as therapeutic targets. This is, to our knowledge, the first imaging lipidomics study for nephrotoxicity assessment of cisplatin chemotherapy.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:MALDI Orbitrap mass spectrometry Imaging Kidney Lipid Cisplatin Nephrotoxicity
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Analytic chemistry
ID Code:55243
Deposited On:10 May 2019 08:17
Last Modified:13 May 2019 08:35

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