"Pipistrellus pipistrellus" and "Pipistrellus pygmaeus" in the Iberian Peninsula: an annotated segmented dataset and a proof of concept of a classifier in a real environment



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Bertran, Marta and Alsina-Pagès, Rosa María and Tena López, Elena (2019) "Pipistrellus pipistrellus" and "Pipistrellus pygmaeus" in the Iberian Peninsula: an annotated segmented dataset and a proof of concept of a classifier in a real environment. Applied Sciences, 9 (17). pp. 1-21. ISSN 2076-3417, ESSN: 2076-3417

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/17/3467


Bats have an important role in the ecosystem, and therefore an effective detection of their prevalence can contribute to their conservation. At present, the most commonly methodology used in the study of bats is the analysis of echolocation calls. However, many other ultrasound signals can be simultaneously recorded, and this makes species location and identification a long and difficult task. This field of research could be greatly improved through the use of bioacoustics which provide a more accurate automated detection, identification and count of the wildlife of a particular area. We have analyzed the calls of two bat species—Pipistrellus pipistrellus and Pipistrellus pygmaeus—both of which are common types of bats frequently found in the Iberian Peninsula. These two cryptic species are difficult to identify by their morphological features, but are more easily identified by their echolocation calls. The real-life audio files have been obtained by an Echo Meter Touch Pro 1 bat detector. Time-expanded recordings of calls were first classified manually by means of their frequency, duration and interpulse interval. In this paper, we first detail the creation of a dataset with three classes, which are the two bat species but also the silent intervals. This dataset can be useful to work in mixed species environment. Afterwards, two automatic bat detection and identification machine learning approaches are described, in a laboratory environment, which represent the previous step to real-life in an urban scenario. The priority in that approaches design is the identification using short window analysis in order to detect each bat pulse. However, given that we are concerned with the risks of automatic identification, the main aim of the project is to accelerate the manual ID process for the specialists in the field. The dataset provided will help researchers develop automatic recognition systems for a more accurate identification of the bat species in a laboratory environment, and in a near future, in an urban environment, where those two bat species are common.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acoustic bat recognition; Dataset; Bat call; Chiropthera; Convolutional Neural Network; Dataset; Echolocation; IFeedforward Neural Network; Machine learning; Ultrasounds; Wireless acoustic sensor network; Iberian peninsula
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Mammals
ID Code:56595
Deposited On:03 Oct 2019 07:57
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:19

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