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Network position, export patterns and competitiveness: evidence from the European automotive industry



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Gracia Santos, Manuel and Paz Antolín, María José (2017) Network position, export patterns and competitiveness: evidence from the European automotive industry. Competition and Change, 21 (2). pp. 132-158. ISSN 1477-2221

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1024529417692331


The organizational characteristics of production in the European automotive industry have favoured a high degree of fragmentation and productive mobility. This article analyses the differing national positions of automotive producing countries and their export patterns – particularly their export reorientation to extra-European Union markets following the collapse of regional demand in the European automotive industry. Based on the methodologies of Mahutga and Piana, our position analysis arrives at two main conclusions: (i) the countries best positioned in the European regional automotive production network are precisely those that have experienced a greater increase in extra-European Union exports, thus reducing their dependence on regional European demand; (ii) the increase in extra-European Union exports (mainly of final goods) is linked to increased regional fragmentation of production in the automotive industry. We conclude that the governance of this fragmentation process is a key determinant of extra-European Union export competitiveness.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Production network; Automotive industry; Export pattern; Europe; Internationalization of production.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > World economy
Social sciences > Economics > Industrial organization
JEL:L62, F15
ID Code:57211
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 09:01
Last Modified:06 Feb 2020 09:58

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