Nilpotent integrability, reduction of dynamical systems and a third-order Calogero-Moser system



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Ibort, A. and Marmo, G. and Rodríguez González, Miguel Ángel and Tempesta, Piergiulio (2019) Nilpotent integrability, reduction of dynamical systems and a third-order Calogero-Moser system. Annali di matematica pura ed applicata, 198 (5). pp. 1513-1540. ISSN 0373-3114

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We present an algebraic formulation of the notion of integrability of dynamical systems, based on a nilpotency property of its flow: It can be explicitly described as a polynomial on its evolution parameter. Such a property is established in a purely geometric-algebraic language, in terms both of the algebra of all higher-order constants of the motion (named the nilpotent algebra of the dynamics) and of a maximal Abelian algebra of symmetries (called a Cartan subalgebra of the dynamics). It is shown that this notion of integrability amounts to the annihilator of the nilpotent algebra being contained in a Cartan subalgebra of the dynamics. Systems exhibiting this property will be said to be nilpotent-integrable. Our notion of nilpotent integrability offers a new insight into the intrinsic dynamical properties of a system, which is independent of any auxiliary geometric structure defined on its phase space. At the same time, it extends in a natural way the classical concept of integrability for Hamiltonian systems. An algebraic reduction procedure valid for nilpotent-integrable systems, generalizing the well-known reduction procedures for symplectic and/or Poisson systems on appropriate quotient spaces, is also discussed. In particular, it is shown that a large class of nilpotent-integrable systems can be obtained by reduction of higher-order free systems. The case of the third-order free system is analyzed and a non-trivial set of third-order Calogero-Moser-like nilpotent-integrable equations is obtained.

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© 2019 Springer Heidelberg.
The authors acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, through the Severo Ochoa Programme for Centres of Excellence in RD (SEV-2015/0554). AI would like to thank partial support provided by the MINECO research project MTM2017-84098-P and QUITEMAD+, S2013/ICE-2801. GM would like to acknowledge the support provided by the `Catedras de Excelencia' Santander/UC3M 2016-17 program. MAR and PT would like to thank partial financial support from MINECO research project FIS2015-63966-P.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Dynamical systems; Integrable systems; Reduction methods; Lie algebras; 37N05; 37K10.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Physics-Mathematical models
Sciences > Physics > Mathematical physics
ID Code:58709
Deposited On:28 Feb 2020 17:19
Last Modified:28 Feb 2020 17:19

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