Modes of inbound knowledge flows: are cooperation and outsourcing really complementary?

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Giménez Fernández, Elena María and Sandulli, Francesco Domenico (2017) Modes of inbound knowledge flows: are cooperation and outsourcing really complementary? Industry and Innovation, 24 (8). pp. 795-816. ISSN 1366-2716

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2016.1266928



Abstract

This study examines the relationship between breadths of two different modes of external knowledge: R&D outsourcing and cooperation. Building upon transaction costs literature and literature on research partner breadth and R&D outsourcing we hypothesize an U-inverted relationship between outsourcing breadth and innovation performance and a complementary relationship between R&D outsourcing and R&D cooperation. The model is tested on a large sample based on CIS survey for Spain. The empirical analysis confirms the U-inverted relationship between outsourcing breadth and innovation but also reveals an interesting result: the complementary effect of R&D cooperation varies with the level of R&D outsourcing breadth and it is not confirmed for low and medium levels of R&D outsourcing breadth. The results have important implications for theory on the selection of different modes of inbound open innovation and for managers and their cooperation and outsourcing strategies.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Open innovation; Cooperation breadth; R&D outsourcing breadth; Innovative performance; OI combination.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Economic cooperation
Social sciences > Economics > Economic development
Social sciences > Economics > Business enterprises
JEL:O30, O32, L24
ID Code:58806
Deposited On:05 Feb 2020 13:35
Last Modified:04 Jun 2020 16:37

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