Late Triassic and Early Jurassic palaeogeographic evolution and depositional cycles of the Western Tethys Iberian platform system (Eastern Spain)



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Gómez Fernández, Juan José and Goy, Antonio (2005) Late Triassic and Early Jurassic palaeogeographic evolution and depositional cycles of the Western Tethys Iberian platform system (Eastern Spain). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 222 . pp. 77-94. ISSN 0031-0182

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Deposition of Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic sediments on the Iberian platform system took place in a post-rift intraplate basin which formed part of the western Tethys shelf. Nevertheless, there is evidence for the tensional reactivation of a network of faults with associated magmatic activity. Early Jurassic palaeogeographic reconstructions, based on over 70 sections and 9 oil wells, reveal the presence of a series of highs and lows (depocentres). Two main highs, referred to as the El Maestrazgo High, in the east, and the La Mancha High, in the west, where condensed sections were deposited, were mainly controlled by syndepositional faults. The main depocentres were situated between these two highs areas, in a northwest trending belt in the central, northern and southern areas. Despite partial fault control, development of some Early Jurassic depocentres appears to be mainly controlled by thermal contraction of the lithosphere following Triassic main rifting pulse. The Upper Triassic–Lower Jurassic succession of the Iberian platform system was deposited during four transgressive and regressive cycles of 12 to 6 My duration. The lowermost cycle LJ-1 started in late Norian and lasted until the Sinemurian. The second cycle LJ-2 started in the Sinemurian and ended in the Pliensbachian (Davoei Zone), and can be subdivided into two minor cycles LJ2-1 and LJ2-2. The cycle LJ-3 started with an extensive upper Pliensbachian (Davoei Zone) transgression, whereas the top of its regressive cycle is dated to the Toarcian (Variablilis Zone). Within cycle LJ-3, three cycles can be distinguished. Maximum deepening was reached during the Bifrons Zone and active volcanism took place along the Teruel and Caudiel faults. The transgressive phase of the cycle LJ-4 started in the Thouarsense Zone and extended up to the Insigne Zone; its regressive phase developed during the upper Toarcian (Pseudoradiosa and Aalensis Zones) and part of the Aalenian (Opalinum and Murchisonae Zones). This cycle can be subdivided in two minor cycles, with their transgressive peaks occurring during the Insigne Zone, and the Aalensis Zone respectively. Palaeogeographically this corresponds with the expansion of the marginal carbonate platforms over hemipelagic deposits. The top of the cycle corresponds to a major unconformity with regional emersion during the Aalenian Murchisonae Zone.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Upper Triassic; Lower Jurassic; Carbonate platforms; Palaeogeographic maps; Rifting; Cyclostratigraphy
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:58923
Deposited On:13 Feb 2020 07:52
Last Modified:13 Feb 2020 07:52

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