Stellar atmospheric parameters of FGK-type stars from high-resolution optical and near-infrared CARMENES spectra



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Gómez Marfil, Emilio and Tabernero, H.M. and Montes Gutiérrez, David and Caballero, J. A. and Soto, M.G. and González Hernández, J. I. and Kaminski, A. and Nagel, E. and Jeffers, S.V. and Reiners, A. and Ribas, I. and Quirrenbach, A. and Amado, P.J. (2020) Stellar atmospheric parameters of FGK-type stars from high-resolution optical and near-infrared CARMENES spectra. Monthly notices of The Royal Astronomical Society, 492 (4). pp. 5470-5507. ISSN 0035-8711

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With the purpose of assessing classic spectroscopic methods on high-resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectra in the near-infrared wavelength region, we selected a sample of 65 F-, G-, and K-type stars observed with CARMENES, the new, ultra-stable, double channel spectrograph at the 3.5 m Calar Alto telescope. We computed their stellar atmospheric parameters (T_(eff), log g, ξ, and [Fe/H]) by means of the STEPAR code, a PYTHON implementation of the equivalent width method that employs the 2017 version of the MOOG code and a grid of MARCS model atmospheres. We compiled four Fe I and Fe II line lists suited to metal-rich dwarfs, metal-poor dwarfs, metal-rich giants, and metal-poor giants that cover the wavelength range from 5300 to 17 100 Å, thus substantially increasing the number of identified Fe I and Fe II lines up to 653 and 23, respectively, We examined the impact of the near-infrared Fe and Fen lines upon our parameter determinations after an exhaustive literature search, placing special emphasis on the 14 Gala benchmark stars contained in our sample, Even though our parameter determinations remain in good agreement with the literature values, the increase in the number of Fe l and Fe II lines when the near-infrared region is taken into account reveals a deeper T_(eff) scale that might stem from a higher sensitivity of the near-infrared lines to T_(eff).

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© 2020 The Author(s). CARMENES is an instrument for the Centro Astronómico Hispano en Andalucía at Calar Alto (CAHA). CARMENES is funded by the German Max-Plank Gesellschaft (MPG), the Spanish Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), the European Union through FEDER/ERF FICTS-2011-02 funds, and the members of the CARMENES Consortium (Max-Plank-Institut für Astronomie, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Landessternwarte Königstuhl, Institut de Ciències de l’Espai, Institut für Astrophysik Göttingen, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenberg, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Hamburger Sternwarte, Centro de Astrobiología and Centro Astronómico Hispano en Andalucía), with additional contributions by the Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital, the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the Major Research Instrumentation Programme and DFG Research Unit FOR2544 ‘Blue Planets around Red Stars’, the Klaus Tschira Stiftung, the states of Baden-Württemberg and Niedersachsen, and by the Junta de Andalucía. The authors acknowledge financial support from the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) through national funds (PTDC/FIS-AST/28953/2017) and by Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER) through COMPETE2020 – Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-028953), the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación through fellowship FPU15/01476, and projects AYA2016-79425- C3-1/2/3-P, and the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. JIGH acknowledges financial support from the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación under the 2013 Ramón y Cajal programme RYC-2013-14875, and from the project AYA2017-86389-P. This work has made use of the VALD database, operated at Uppsala University, the Institute of Astronomy RAS in Moscow, and the University of Vienna. We thank Calar Alto Observatory for the allocation of director’s discretionary time to this programme. EM would also like to warmly thank the staff at the Hamburger Sternwarte for their hospitality during his stay funded by project EST18/00162 from the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. Based on data from the CARMENES data archive at CAB (INTA-CSIC).

Uncontrolled Keywords:G-Type supergiants; Radial-velocities; Spectroscopic survey; Abundances; Giants; Catalog; Lithium; Kinematics; Rotation, Binaries
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
ID Code:59971
Deposited On:27 Apr 2020 10:48
Last Modified:27 Apr 2020 12:02

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