Relationship between trade openness and economic growth in Latin America: A causality analysis with heterogeneous panel data

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Roquez Díaz, Gustavo Adolfo and Escot Mangas, Lorenzo (2018) Relationship between trade openness and economic growth in Latin America: A causality analysis with heterogeneous panel data. Review of Development Economics, 22 (2). pp. 658-684. ISSN 1363-6669

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/rode.12358



Abstract

We empirically analyze the causality relationship between economic growth and international trade using new advancements in the econometric methodology for heterogeneous panel data applied to Latin American countries. First, we test for dependencies between the units of cross-section (countries) and then we test for cointegration between growth and openness. Finally, we test for Granger causality using a heterogeneous panel data test. The results reject the hypothesis of general, unidirectional, and homogeneous relationship between trade openness and economic growth in Latin American countries as a group. However, considering heterogeneity, we found significant evidence of causality from trade liberalization to economic growth in Chile, Peru, Nicaragua, and Uruguay; we have found bidirectional causality in Mexico and Honduras; and a causal relationship from economic growth to trade liberalization in Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and the Dominican Republic.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Granger causality
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Commerce
Social sciences > Economics > Economic development
Social sciences > Economics > Econometrics
Social sciences > Economics > Regional economics
ID Code:60420
Deposited On:08 May 2020 10:13
Last Modified:13 May 2020 07:58

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