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Policies to promote entrepreneurial activity and economic performance

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Castaño Martínez, María Soledad and Méndez Picazo, María Teresa and Galindo Martín, Migue Ángel (2015) Policies to promote entrepreneurial activity and economic performance. Management Decision, 53 (9). pp. 2073-2087. ISSN 00251747

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-06-2014-0393



Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of some political measures on entrepreneurship to promote economic growth and employment, specifically, R&D policies, training, elimination of administrative barriers, access to finance support and promotion of entrepreneurial culture. Design/methodology/approach – Seven hypotheses are tested developing a latent variables model with data from 13 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK) in 2012, using partial least squares estimation method. Findings – Greater expenditure on R&D by governments and universities, public investment in education and measures to stimulate entrepreneurial culture have a positive effect on entrepreneurship. Furthermore, countries with complex legal systems which regulate the start-up of an economic activity and where access to credit is complicated, present lower levels of entrepreneurship. Societies with a greater number of innovative entrepreneurs present higher levels of entrepreneurial activity and economic performance. Finally, human capital and entrepreneurial activity positively affect economic performance in the case of the European countries studied in the sample. Practical implications – The results obtained in the paper would facilitate the design of measures to stimulate to entrepreneurs and improve economic performance. Originality/value – Several factors, qualitative and quantitative, have been considered in the analysis that they have not traditionally included in the analysis of the entrepreneurship behaviour taking into account the role played by the policy makers measures to improve such behaviour.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Performance; Innovation; R&D; Policy; Entrepreneurship
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Economic development
Social sciences > Economics > Business enterprises
ID Code:60709
Deposited On:02 Jun 2020 09:38
Last Modified:02 Jun 2020 09:38

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