Global distribution of earthworm diversity


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Phillips, H. R. P. and Guerra, C. A. and Bartz, M. L. Z. and Briones, M. J. I. and Brown, G. and Crowther, T. W. and Ferlian, O. and Gongalsky, K. B. and van den Hoogen, J. and Krebs, J. and Orgiazzi, A. and Routh, D. and Schwarz, B. and Bach, E. M. and Bennett, J. and Brose, U. and Decaëns, Thibaud and König-Ries, B. and Loreau, M. and Mathieu, J. and Mulder, C. and van der Putten, W. H. and Ramirez, K. S. and Rillig, M. C. and Russell, D. and Rutgers, M. and Thakur, M. P. and de Vries, F. T. and Wall, D. H. and Wardle, D. A. and Arai, M. and Ayuke, F. O. and Baker, G. H. and Beauséjour, R. and Bedano, J. C. and Birkhofer, K. and Blanchart, E. and Blossey, B. and Bolger, T. and Bradley, R. L. and Callaham, M. A. and Capowiez, Y. and Caulfield, M. E. and Choi, A. and Crotty, F. V. and Dávalos, A. and Cosin, D. J. D. and Dominguez, A. and Duhour, A. E. and Van Eekeren, N. and Emmerling, C. and Falco, L. B. and Fernández, R. and Fonte, S. J. and Fragoso, C. and Franco, A. L. C. and Fugère, M. and Fusilero, A. T. and Gholami, S. and Gundale, M. J. and López, M. G. and Hackenberger, D. K. and Hernández, L. M. and Hishi, T. and Holdsworth, A. R. and Holmstrup, M. and Hopfensperger, K. N. and Lwanga, E. H. and Huhta, V. and Hurisso, T. T. and Iannone, B. V. and Iordache, M. and Joschko, M. and Kaneko, N. and Kanianska, R. and Keith, A. M. and Kelly, C. A. and Kernecker, M. L. and Klaminder, J. and Koné, A. W. and Kooch, Y. and Kukkonen, S. T. and Lalthanzara, H. and Lammel, D. R. and Lebedev, I. M. and Li, Y. and Lidon, J. B. J. and Lincoln, N. K. and Loss, S. R. and Marichal, R. and Matula, R. and Moos, J. H. and Moreno, G. and Morón-Ríos, A. and Muys, B. and Neirynck, J. and Norgrove, L. and Novo, M. and Nuutinen, V. and Nuzzo, V. and Rahman, P. M. and Pansu, J. and Paudel, S. and Pérès, G. and Pérez-Camacho, L. and Piñeiro, R. and Ponge, J. F. and Rashid, M. I. and Rebollo, S. and Rodeiro-Iglesias, J. and Rodríguez, M. Á. and Roth, A. M. and Rousseau, G. X. and Rozen, A. and Sayad, E. and van Schaik, L. and Scharenbroch, B. C. and Schirrmann, M. and Schmidt, O. and Schröder, B. and Seeber, J. and Shashkov, M. P. and Singh, J. and Smith, S. M. and Steinwandter, M. and Talavera, J. A. and Trigo, D. and Tsukamoto, J. and de Valença, A. W. and Vanek, S. J. and Virto, I. and Wackett, A. A. and Warren, M. W. and Wehr, N. H. and Whalen, J. K. and Wironen, M. B. and Wolters, V. and Zenkova, I. V. and Zhang, W. and Cameron, E. K. and Eisenhauer, N. (2019) Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science, 366 (6464). pp. 480-485. ISSN 1095-9203

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Soil organisms, including earthworms, are a key component of terrestrial ecosystems. However, little is known about their diversity, their distribution, and the threats affecting them. We compiled a global dataset of sampled earthworm communities from 6928 sites in 57 countries as a basis for predicting patterns in earthworm diversity, abundance, and biomass. We found that local species richness and abundance typically peaked at higher latitudes, displaying patterns opposite to those observed in aboveground organisms. However, high species dissimilarity across tropical locations may cause diversity across the entirety of the tropics to be higher than elsewhere. Climate variables were found to be more important in shaping earthworm communities than soil properties or habitat cover. These findings suggest that climate change may have serious implications for earthworm communities and for the functions they provide.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
Medical sciences > Biology > Invertebrates
ID Code:60851
Deposited On:10 Jun 2020 14:20
Last Modified:15 Jan 2021 09:45

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