Extended composite index of anthropometric failure in Argentinean preschool and school children



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Bejarano, Ignacio F. and Oyhenart, Evelia E. and Torres, M.F. and Cesani, María Florencia and Garraza, Mariela and Navazo, Barbara and Zonta, María L. and Luis, María A. and Quintero, Fabián A. and Dipierri, José Edgardo and Alfaro, E. and Román, Estela M. and Carrillo, Rafael and Dahinten, Silvia L. V and Lomaglio, Delia Beatriz and Menecier, Natalia and Marrodán Serrano, Dolores (2019) Extended composite index of anthropometric failure in Argentinean preschool and school children. Public Health Nutrition, 22 (18). pp. 3327-3335. ISSN 1475-2727

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Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/extended-composite-index-of-anthropometric-failure-in-argentinean-preschool-and-school-children/DCA5E243AA79AFB9B1104D822EAC6141


The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) can only be applied to children under 5 years of age and does not contemplate obesity. The aim of this study was to propose an Extended CIAF (ECIAF) that combines the characterization of malnutrition due to undernutrition and excess weight, and apply it in six Argentine provinces.

ECIAF excludes children not in anthropometric failure (group A) and was calculated from a percentage of children included in malnutrition categories B: wasting only; C: wasting and underweight; D: wasting, stunting and underweight; E: stunting and underweight; F: stunting only; Y: underweight only; G: only weight excess; and H: stunting and weight excess.

Cross-sectional study conducted in Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Jujuy, Mendoza and Misiones (Argentina).

10 879 children of both sexes aged between 3 and 13·99.

ECIAF in preschool children (3 to 4·99 years) was 15·1 %. The highest prevalence was registered in Mendoza (16·7 %) and the lowest in Misiones (12·0 %). In school children (5 to 13·99 years) ECIAF was 28·6 %. Mendoza also recorded the highest rate (30·7 %), while Catamarca and Chubut had the lowest values (27·0 %). In the whole sample, about 25 % of the malnutrition was caused by undernutrition and 75 % by excess weight.

The ECIAF summarizes anthropometric failure by both deficiency and excess weight and it highlights that a quarter of the malnutrition in the Argentine population was caused by undernutrition, although there are differences between Provinces (P < 0·05). ECIAF estimates are higher than those of CIAF or under-nutrition.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Anthropometric failure Malnutrition; Children; Argentina
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Dietetics and Nutrition
Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:61074
Deposited On:23 Jun 2020 19:45
Last Modified:26 May 2021 09:42

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