Reconstructing the trajectory of the August 1680 hurricane from contemporary records



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Wheeler, D. and García Herrera, Ricardo and Vaquero, J.M. and Chenoweth, M. and Mock, C.J. (2009) Reconstructing the trajectory of the August 1680 hurricane from contemporary records. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (7). pp. 971-978. ISSN 0003-0007

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This paper draws on a range of contemporary documentary evidence from the New and Old Worlds as well as from the oceanic regions to reconstruct the trajectory and intensity of an Atlantic hurricane from August 1680. In doing so, it offers the example of one of the earliest and most comprehensive hurricane reconstructions thus far attempted. The source material includes evidence from land-based observers and some of the earliest examples of instrumental barometric data from the Caribbean and from Europe; importantly, it also calls on the written accounts offered in ships' logbooks from various parts of the Atlantic. The latter provide the opportunity of tracking the system across the otherwise data-deficient areas of the North Atlantic as it recurved toward Europe. The findings are of intrinsic interest in documenting a notable historical event. They also offer a methodological model of how such a variety of documentary sources can be drawn together and used to identify, track, and reconstruct such events from the distant past and thereby improve the chronology of hurricanes and make more reliable our interpretation of their changing frequencies.

Item Type:Article
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© 2009 American Meteorological Society. The Louis Morin data were kindly supplied and corrected by Dr. V. C. Slonosky. The U.K. element of the research for this paper was funded by the EU Project 017008-2 (Millennium). The Spanish Ministry of Science and Education provided partial support through Grant MEC. CGL2005-25107-E/CLI.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Extratopical transition; Tropical cyclones
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:61773
Deposited On:02 Sep 2020 11:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2022 07:51

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