Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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The USA Dominates World Research in Basic Medicine and Biotechnology

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Brito, Ricardo and Rodríguez Navarro, Alonso (2020) The USA Dominates World Research in Basic Medicine and Biotechnology. Journal of scientometric research, 9 (2). pp. 154-162. ISSN 2321-6654

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5530/jscires.9.2.19




Abstract

Objectives: Research is the foundation of technological progress; the aim of this study is to investigate research success in the USA, the EU and other countries in basic medical, biochemical and biotechnological topics. Methods: Research assessments were performed using the number of publications, the e(p) index and the probability that a publication reaches the top 0.01% by citation. The index reveals an important characteristic of citation distribution. The distribution of the publications from a country in global percentiles follows a power law and the e(p) index is a mathematical derivative of the exponent of this power law. In addition to its intrinsic value as performance indicator, this index allows calculating a country's probability of publishing highly cited papers and, consequently, of achieving important discoveries or scientific breakthroughs. Findings: Our results show that the USA is scientifically ahead of all countries and that its research is likely to produce approximately 80% of the important global breakthroughs in the research topics investigated in this study. EU research has maintained a constant weak position with reference to USA research over the last 30 years. Countries different from the USA and the EU are increasing enormously their number of publications. Currently, the probability that these publications report an important breakthrough is slightly lower than that of the EU.


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© The Author(s). 2020 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This work was supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Grant number FIS201783709-R).

Uncontrolled Keywords:International collaboration; Science; Countries
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:62849
Deposited On:30 Oct 2020 09:48
Last Modified:30 Oct 2020 11:27

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