Waist circumference percentiles for Hispanic‐American children and comparison with other international references

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Marrodán Serrano, Dolores and Román, Estela M. and Carmenate, Margarita and González-Montero de Espinosa, Marisa and Herráez, Ángel and Alfaro, Enma Laura and Lomaglio, Delia Beatriz and López-Ejeda, Noemí and Mesa Santurino, María Soledad and Vázquez, Vanessa and Méndez Pérez, Betty and Meléndez, Juana María and Moreno-Romero, S. and Prado Martínez, Consuelo and Dipierri, José E. (2020) Waist circumference percentiles for Hispanic‐American children and comparison with other international references. American Journal of Human Biology (e23496). ISSN 1520-6300

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajhb.23496



Abstract

Introduction
Waist circumference (WC) constitutes an indirect measurement of central obesity in children and adolescents.

Objective
To provide percentiles of WC for Hispanic‐American children and adolescents, and compare them with other international references.

Materials and methods
The sample comprised 13 289 healthy children between 6 and 18 years coming from public schools of middle and low socioeconomic levels in different parts of Argentina, Cuba, Spain, Mexico, and Venezuela. The LMS method to calculate WC percentiles was applied. Sex and age differences were assessed using Student's t test and ANOVA (SPSS v.21.0). Comparisons were established with references from the United States, Colombia, India, China, Australia, Kuwait, Germany, Tunisia, Greece, and Portugal.

Results
WC increases with age in both sexes. Boys show higher WC in P3, P50, and P97. Comparison of 50th and 90th percentiles among populations from diverse sociocultural and geographical contexts shows high variability, not all justified by the measurement method.

Discussion and conclusions
Specific WC percentiles for sex and age, and P90 cut‐off points are provided; these values are potentially useful to assess central obesity in Hispanic‐American adolescent children.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Physiology
Medical sciences > Biology > Evolution
ID Code:63681
Deposited On:20 Jan 2021 18:04
Last Modified:26 May 2021 09:39

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