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Meteorological drought lacunarity around the world and its classification

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Monjo, Robert and Royé, Dominic and Martin-Vide, Javier (2020) Meteorological drought lacunarity around the world and its classification. Earth System Science Data, 12 (1). pp. 741-752. ISSN 1866-3516

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-741-2020



Abstract

The measure of drought duration strongly depends on the definition considered. In meteorology, dryness is habitually measured by means of fixed thresholds (e.g. 0.1 or 1mm usually define dry spells) or climatic mean values (as is the case of the standardised precipitation index), but this also depends on the aggregation time interval considered. However, robust measurements of drought duration are required for analysing the statistical significance of possible changes. Herein we climatically classified the drought duration around the world according to its similarity to the voids of the Cantor set. Dryness time structure can be concisely measured by the n index (from the regular or irregular alternation of dry or wet spells), which is closely related to the Gini index and to a Cantor-based exponent. This enables the world’s climates to be classified into six large types based on a new measure of drought duration. To conclude, outcomes provide the ability to determine when droughts start and finish. We performed the dry-spell analysis using the full global gridded daily Multi-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation (MSWEP) dataset. The MSWEP combines gauge-, satellite-, and reanalysis-based data to provide reliable precipitation estimates. The study period comprises the years 1979–2016 (total of 45 165 d), and a spatial resolution of 0.5º, with a total of 259 197 grid points. The dataset is publicly available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3247041 (Monjo et al., 2019).


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Drought duration; Cantor set; Dry spells; Climate change
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Meteorology
Sciences > Mathematics > Mathematical statistics
Sciences > Mathematics > Topology
ID Code:64019
Deposited On:17 Feb 2021 18:38
Last Modified:18 Mar 2021 10:30

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