Zernike analysis of all-sky night brightness maps



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Bará, Salvador and Nievas Rosillo, Miguel and Sánchez de Miguel, Alejandro and Zamorano Calvo, Jaime (2014) Zernike analysis of all-sky night brightness maps. Applied optics, 53 (12). pp. 2677-2686. ISSN 1559-128X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.002677


All-sky night brightness maps (calibrated images of the night sky with hemispherical field-of-view (FOV) taken at standard photometric bands) provide useful data to assess the light pollution levels at any ground site. We show that these maps can be efficiently described and analyzed using Zernike circle polynomials. The relevant image information can be compressed into a low-dimensional coefficients vector, giving an analytical expression for the sky brightness and alleviating the effects of noise. Moreover, the Zernike expansions allow us to quantify in a straightforward way the average and zenithal sky brightness and its variation across the FOV, providing a convenient framework to study the time course of these magnitudes. We apply this framework to analyze the results of a one-year campaign of night sky brightness measurements made at the UCM observatory in Madrid.

Item Type:Article
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© 2014 Optical Society of America. This work was partially funded by the Xunta de Galicia, Programa de Consolidación e Estruturación de Unidades de Investigación Competitivas, grant CN 2012/156, the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation MICINN (AYA2012-30717, AYA2012- 31277, and FPA2010-22056-C06-06), the Spanish program of International Campus of Excellence Moncloa (CEI) and the Madrid Regional Government through the AstroMadrid Project (CAM S2009/ESP1496). A. Sánchez de Miguel was supported by an FPU grant from MICINN. This work was developed within the framework of the Spanish Network for Light Pollution Studies (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Acción Complementaria AYA2011-15808-E) whose support is also acknowledged.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Light-pollution; CCD camara; System; Model
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:64024
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 12:23
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 15:02

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