Neandertal roots: Cranial and chronological evidence from Sima de los Huesos



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Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Martínez Mendizábal, Ignacio and Arnold, Lee J. and Aranburu, Arantza and Gracia Téllez, Ana and Sharp, Warren D. and Quam, Rolf M. and Falguères, Christophe and Pantoja Pérez, Ana and Bischoff, James L. and Poza Rey, Eva María and Parés, Josep M. and Carretero, José Miguel and Demuro, Martina and Lorenzo Merino, Carlos and Sala Burgos, Nohemi and Martinón-Torres, María and García García, Nuria and Alcázar de Velasco, Almudena and Cuenca Bescós, Gloria and Gómez Olivencia, Asier and Moreno, Davinia and Pablos, Adrián and Shen, Chuan-Chou and Rodríguez, Laura and Ortega Martínez, Ana Isabel and García González, Rebeca and Bonmatí, Alejandro and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald (2014) Neandertal roots: Cranial and chronological evidence from Sima de los Huesos. Science, 344 (6190). pp. 1358-1363. ISSN 0036-8075

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Seventeen Middle Pleistocene crania from the Sima de los Huesos site (Atapuerca, Spain) are analyzed, including seven new specimens. This sample makes it possible to thoroughly characterize a Middle Pleistocene hominin paleodeme and to address hypotheses about the origin and evolution of the Neandertals. Using a variety of techniques, the hominin-bearing layer could be reassigned to a period around 430,000 years ago. The sample shows a consistent morphological pattern with derived Neandertal features present in the face and anterior vault, many of which are related to the masticatory apparatus. This suggests that facial modification was the first step in the evolution of the Neandertal lineage, pointing to a mosaic pattern of evolution, with different anatomical and functional modules evolving at different rates.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Neandertal; Pleistocene
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:64123
Deposited On:01 Mar 2021 08:27
Last Modified:01 Mar 2021 08:57

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