Development and Validation of the Overall Foot Pain Questionnaire in Motorcycle Riders

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Casado-Hernández, Israel and Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo and Losa-Iglesias, Marta Elena and Soriano-Medrano, Alfredo and Morales-Ponce, Ángel and Martiniano, João and López-López, Daniel and Calvo-Lobo, César (2020) Development and Validation of the Overall Foot Pain Questionnaire in Motorcycle Riders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (7). p. 2233. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072233




Abstract

Objectives: Our primary aim was to develop a transcultural adaptation of a cycling questionnaire using the Borg CR-10 scale as a tool to describe the discomfort among motorcyclists during the riding process in two trial sessions.
Design: A transcultural adaptation and descriptive cross-sectional study.
Settings: Jarama motorcycling circuit (Madrid, Spain).
Participants: The participants were riders recorded across in a final motorcycling race. Interventions: The study design is based in two tools, the adapted Motorcyclist Questionnaire (MQ-21) with 21 items and Borg CR10 Scale® was used to determine discomfort level during motorcycling performance. The translation procedure, reliability, and reproducibility were performed.
Results: All items showed an almost perfect intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (ICC = 0.909–1.00), except for item 9 (ICC = 0.881). Almost perfect internal consistency was shown for the total score (Cronbach α = 0.899). No systematic differences existed among test and retest in all items (p > 0.05) according to Bland–Altman plots. Respondents experienced slight discomfort on their body parts during the test-retest 1 h riding process. Foot discomfort was scored as 1.20, being the eighth of the 12 studied body parts.
Conclusions: Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the MQ-21 questionnaire were excellent and this questionnaire may be recommended to be used in motorcycling sports and clinical settings to evaluate the discomfort.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Foot diseases; reproducibility of results; sports; validation studies as topic
Subjects:Medical sciences > Nursing > Podiatry
ID Code:64180
Deposited On:02 Mar 2021 08:58
Last Modified:02 Mar 2021 12:10

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