Relationships between colour and diagenesis in the aragonite-calcite speleothems in Basajaún Etxea cave, Spain Author links open overlay panel

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Martín García, Rebeca and Alonso Zarza, Ana María and Martín Pérez, Andrea and Schröder-Ritzrau, Andrea and Lud, Thomas (2014) Relationships between colour and diagenesis in the aragonite-calcite speleothems in Basajaún Etxea cave, Spain Author links open overlay panel. Sedimentary Geology, 312 . pp. 63-75. ISSN 0037-0738

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/sedimentary-geology/vol/312/suppl/C




Abstract

Basajaún Etxea Cave, North Spain, contains a wide morphological and colour variety of speleothems. Most of them are composed of aragonite, but calcite speleothems are also found. Their most common colour is white, but there are also pink, green and turquoise speleothems, in different areas of the cave. Mg-rich dissolution waters from the cave's crystalline dolostone and magnesite host rock favour aragonite precipitation and drive important diagenetic changes. In this paper we will discuss how diagenesis modifies speleothem texture, mineralogy and geochemistry, causing significant changes in the colour. We also discuss how speleothems that have undergone diagenesis may also be useful indictors of paleoclimatic conditions. Our work shows that diagenesis changes the colour of the speleothems because of the mobility of the chromophore elements during this process. Along with this elemental alteration comes the loss of the primary isotopic signals of speleothems. Detailed petrological studies of speleothems should precede their analysis for palaeoclimatic reconstruction so that influence of areas affected by diagenesis can be eliminated. In addition, diagenetic signals also contain valuable information on the changes of the waters within the cave, and the overall evolution of speleothems and the cave itself.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Speleothem; Aragonite; Diagenesis; Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS); Isotope geochemistry
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geochemistry
Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:64294
Deposited On:08 Mar 2021 08:45
Last Modified:08 Mar 2021 15:41

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