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Human talus bones from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain

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Pablos, Adrián and Martínez Mendizábal, Ignacio and Lorenzo Merino, Carlos and Gracia Téllez, Ana and Sala Burgos, Nohemi and Arsuaga Ferreras, Juan Luis (2013) Human talus bones from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain. Journal of Human Evolution, 65 (1). pp. 79-92. ISSN 0047-2484

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.04.004




Abstract

Here we present and describe comparatively 25 talus bones from the Middle Pleistocene site of the Sima de los Huesos (SH) (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). These tali belong to 14 individuals (11 adult and three immature). Although variation among Middle and Late Pleistocene tali tends to be subtle, this study has identified unique morphological characteristics of the SH tali. They are vertically shorter than those of Late Pleistocene Homo sapiens, and show a shorter head and a broader lateral malleolar facet than all of the samples. Moreover, a few shared characters with Neanderthals are consistent with the hypothesis that the SH population and Neanderthals are sister groups. These shared characters are a broad lateral malleolar facet, a trochlear height intermediate between modern humans and Late Pleistocene H. sapiens, and a short middle calcaneal facet. It has been possible to propose sex assignment for the SH tali based on their size. Stature estimates based on these fossils give a mean stature of 174.4 cm for males and 161.9 cm for females, similar to that obtained based on the long bones from this same site.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Homo heidelbergensis; Homo neanderthalensis; Foot; Ankle; Stature
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:65067
Deposited On:26 Apr 2021 14:04
Last Modified:26 Apr 2021 15:20

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