Features of the High-Temperature Structural Evolution of GeTe Thermoelectric Probed by Neutron and Synchrotron Powder Diffraction

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Gainza, Javier and Serrano-Sánchez, Federico and Nemes, Norbert Marcel and Martínez, José Luis and Fernández-Díaz, María Teresa and Alonso, José Antonio (2019) Features of the High-Temperature Structural Evolution of GeTe Thermoelectric Probed by Neutron and Synchrotron Powder Diffraction. Metals, 10 (1). p. 48. ISSN 2075-4701

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/met10010048




Abstract

Among other chalcogenide thermoelectric materials, GeTe and derivative alloys are good candidates for intermediate temperature applications, as a replacement for toxic PbTe. We have prepared pure polycrystalline GeTe by using arc-melting, and investigated its structural evolution by using neutron powder diffraction (NPD) and synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD), as well as its correlation with the thermal variation of the Seebeck coefficient. Besides a significant Ge deficiency (~7% Ge vacancies), the thermal evolution of the unit-cell volume and Ge-Te bond lengths in the rhombohedral phase (space group R3m), below 700 K, show unexpected anomalies involving the abrupt Ge-Te bond lengthening accompanied by increased Te thermal displacements. Above 700 K, the sample is cubic (space group Fm-3m) and shows considerably larger displacement parameters for Ge than for Te, as a consequence of the random distribution of the lone pair lobes of Ge2+. The Seebeck coefficient, reaching 120 μV K−1 at 775 K, shows a shoulder in the 500–570 K region that can be correlated to the structural anomaly, modifying the electron-phonon scattering in this temperature range.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:thermoelectrics; neutron powder diffraction; Ge deficiency; structural phase transition
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:65346
Deposited On:24 May 2021 14:26
Last Modified:24 May 2021 15:30

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