Fossil human remains from Bolomor Cave (Valencia, Spain)



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Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Fernández Peris, Josep and Gracia Téllez, Ana and Quam, Rolf and Carretero Diaz, José Miguel and Barciela González, Virginia and Blasco, Ruth and Cuartero, Felipe and Sañudo, Pablo (2012) Fossil human remains from Bolomor Cave (Valencia, Spain). Journal of Human Evolution, 62 (5). pp. 629-639. ISSN 0047-2484

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Systematic excavations carried out since 1989 at Bolomor Cave have led to the recovery of four Pleistocene human fossil remains, consisting of a fibular fragment, two isolated teeth, and a nearly complete adult parietal bone. All of these specimens date to the late Middle and early Late Pleistocene (MIS 7-5e). The fibular fragment shows thick cortical bone, an archaic feature found in non-modern (i.e. non-Homo sapiens) members of the genus Homo. Among the dental remains, the lack of a midtrigonid crest in the M1 represents a departure from the morphology reported for the majority of Neandertal specimens, while the large dimensions and pronounced shoveling of the marginal ridges in the C1 are similar to other European Middle and late Pleistocene fossils. The parietal bone is very thick, with dimensions that generally fall above Neandertal fossils and resemble more closely the Middle Pleistocene Atapuerca (SH) adult specimens. Based on the presence of archaic features, all the fossils from Bolomor are attributed to the Neandertal evolutionary lineage.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Neanderthal; Bolomor Cave; Parietal bone; Teeth; Pleistocene; Iberian Peninsula.
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:65369
Deposited On:10 May 2021 07:01
Last Modified:10 May 2021 11:19

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