Development of a Method to Potentially Substitute Direct Evaluation of Mesopic Visual Acuity in Drivers

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García Rojo, Marta María and Bonnin Arias, Cristina and Chamorro Gutiérrez, Eva and Álvarez Peregrina, Cristina and Sánchez Ramos, Celia (2021) Development of a Method to Potentially Substitute Direct Evaluation of Mesopic Visual Acuity in Drivers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). 10 p.. ISSN 1660-4601 (e)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094733




Abstract

(1) Background: In mesopic lighting conditions, or under adverse environmental circumstances, visual information is reduced, which increases the risk of traffic accidents. This effect could be reduced with a precise evaluation of the visual function under mesopic conditions, but it is difficult to replicate in clinics. This study aims to develop an easy-to-adopt method to evaluate mesopic visual acuity (VA) in drivers. (2) Methods: Prospective and observational study in drivers. logMAR mesopic VA was compared with photopic VA measured under different combinations of contrast charts and filters to find the combination that responds best to mesopic conditions. (3) Results: Fifty-six drivers were examined. The best correlation was found with an 80% density filter and a Weber contrast chart of 20%. The logMAR VA for this combination was 0.01 ± 0.11, which was close to the mesopic VA values (0.01 ± 0.12). The difference between both logMAR VA was 0.00 ± 0.06 (R = 0.86; p ≤ 0.001; ICC = 0.86). (4) Conclusions: The use of 20% contrast optotypes and the interposition of an 80% filter under photopic conditions provide VA values similar to those measured under mesopic lighting conditions, making this simple system a good predictor of mesopic VA values.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received: 2 March 2021. Accepted: 26 April 2021. Published: 29 April 2021.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mesopic visual acuity; Photopic visual acuity; Contrast; Night driving; Aging; Driver behavior; Vision
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Optics
Medical sciences > Optics > Optometry
Medical sciences > Optics > Physiological optics
ID Code:65601
Deposited On:18 Jun 2021 16:40
Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 06:40

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