Scanning the European Ecosystem of Distributed Ledger Technologies for Social and Public Good: What, Why, Where, How, and Ways to Move Forward

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Hassan, Samer and Brekke, Jaya Klara and Atzori, Marcella and Bodó, Balázs and Meiklejohn, Sarah and De Filippi, Primavera and Beecroft, Kate and Rozas, David and Orgaz Alonso, Christian and Martínez Vicente, Elena and López Morales, Genoveva and Figueras Aguilar, Abel and Roque Mendes Pólvora, Alexander, ed. and Hakami, Anna, ed. and Bol, Erica, ed. (2020) Scanning the European Ecosystem of Distributed Ledger Technologies for Social and Public Good: What, Why, Where, How, and Ways to Move Forward. Technical Report. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

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Official URL: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC121675



Abstract

Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs), such as blockchains, are primarily tamper-resistant and time-stamped databases. They allow multiple parties to record, verify and share data on a peer-to-peer basis across a network, in decentralised, synchronised and transparent ways, with limited human intervention and reduced intermediate steps. These technologies are mostly known for business use cases, from cryptocurrencies to asset track and tracing. But there are numerous organisations nowadays searching for alternative ways to harness the potential of DLTs in the pursuit of public and social good, from local to global challenges, and towards more inclusive, cooperative, sustainable, ethical or accountable digital and physical worlds. This Science for Policy report explores the current status of this particular field both theoretically and empirically, in the framework of the project #DLT4Good: Co-creating a European Ecosystem of DLTs for Social and Public Good. Part One offers a conceptual overview of the connections between main features of DLTs and their potential for social and public good goals. Emphasis is placed on different approaches to decentralisation, and on core building blocks of DLTs linked with values such as trust, privacy, self-sovereignty, autonomy, inclusiveness, transparency, openness, or the commons. Part Two comprises a scanning of the current European ecosystem of DLT projects with activities in this field. It contains a summarized version of a database published online with 131 projects, and a quantitative review of main trends. It also includes a qualitative assessment of 10 projects selected from the larger sample to showcase this field and its diversity. Part Three concludes with six independent position papers and recommendations from experts and advisors of the #DLT4Good project. The main topics addressed range from decentralized governance to collaborative economies, with highlights on issues such as trust, verifiability, transparency, privacy or bottom-up coordination.


Item Type:Monograph (Technical Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:administrative autonomy, database, public good, blockchain, confidentiality, sharing economy, social integration, information exchange, sampling, data protection, technology, administrative transparency
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):autonomía administrativa, base de datos, bien público, cadena de bloques, confidencialidad, economía colaborativa, integración social, intercambio de información, muestreo, protección de datos, tecnología, transparencia administrativa
Subjects:Sciences > Computer science
ID Code:65645
Deposited On:26 May 2021 11:25
Last Modified:03 Jun 2021 11:43

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