Severe acute malnutrition morphological patterns in children under five

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Medialdea, Laura and Bogin, Barry and Thiam, Mbeugue and Vargas Brizuela, Antonio and Marrodán Serrano, Dolores and Dossou, Nicole I. (2021) Severe acute malnutrition morphological patterns in children under five. Scientific Reports, 11 (4237). pp. 1-13. ISSN ESSN: 2045-2322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82727-x



Abstract

Current methods for infant and child nutritional assessment rely on anthropometric measurements, whose implementation faces technical challenges in low- and middle-income countries. Anthropometry is also limited to linear measurements, ignoring important body shape information related to health. This work proposes the use of 2D geometric morphometric techniques applied to a sample of Senegalese participants aged 6–59 months with an optimal nutritional condition or with severe acute malnutrition to address morphometric variations due to nutritional status. Signifcant diferences in shape and size body changes were described according to nutritional status, resulting age, sex and allometric efect crucial factors to establish nutritional morphological patterns. The constructed discriminant functions exhibited the best classifcation rates in the left arm. A landmarkbased template registering body shape could be useful to both assess acute malnutrition and better understand the morphological patterns that nutritional status promotes in children during their frst 5 years of growth and development.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Malnutrition; Children
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Dietetics and Nutrition
Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:65760
Deposited On:26 May 2021 09:23
Last Modified:26 May 2021 11:28

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