Persistent pesticides: effects of endosulfan at the molecular level on the aquatic invertebrate Chironomus riparius



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Muñiz-González, A. B. and Novo Rodríguez, Marta and Martínez-Guitarte, J. L. (2021) Persistent pesticides: effects of endosulfan at the molecular level on the aquatic invertebrate Chironomus riparius. Environmental Science and Pollution Research . pp. 1-16. ISSN 0944-1344; Electronic: 1614-7499

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Although banned in multiple areas, due to its persistence in the environment, endosulfan constitutes a significant environmental concern. In this work, fourth instar Chironomus riparius larvae were exposed at environmentally relevant endosulfan concentrations of 0.1, 1, and 10 μg/L for 24 h to analyze the possible effects of this acaricide on gene expression and enzymatic activity. Transcriptional changes were studied through the implementation of a real-time polymerase chain reaction array with 42 genes related to several metabolic pathways (endocrine system, detoxification response, stress response, DNA reparation, and immune system). Moreover, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), phenoloxidase (PO), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities were assessed. The five pathways were differentially altered by endosulfan exposure with significant changes in the E93, Dis, MAPR, Met, InR, GSTd3, GSTt3, MRP1, hsp70, hsp40, hsp24, ATM, PARP, Proph, and Def genes. Besides, all of the measured enzymatic activities were modified, with increased activity of GST, followed by PO and AChE. In summary, the results reflected the effects provoked in C. riparius at molecular level despite the absence of lethality. These data raise concerns about the strong alteration on different metabolic routes despite the low concentrations used. Therefore, new risk assessment strategies should consider include the effects at the sub-organismal level as endpoints in addition to the classical ecologically relevant parameters (such as survival). This endeavor will facilitate a comprehensive evaluation of toxicants in the environment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Invertebrates; Aquatic toxicology; Insecticide; Gene expression array
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Insects
ID Code:65787
Deposited On:27 May 2021 10:37
Last Modified:28 May 2021 07:44

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