Recreational and Nature-Based Tourism as a Cultural Ecosystem Service. Assessment and Mapping in a Rural-Urban Gradient of Central Spain

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Arnaiz-Schmitz, Cecilia and Herrero-Jáuregui, Cristina and Schmitz García, María Fe (2021) Recreational and Nature-Based Tourism as a Cultural Ecosystem Service. Assessment and Mapping in a Rural-Urban Gradient of Central Spain. Land, 10 (4-343). ISSN 2073-445X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040343




Abstract

Land management focused from the social-ecological perspective of ecosystem services should consider cultural services in decision-making processes. Nature-based tourism offers a great potential for landscape conservation, local development and the well-being of human populations. However, the subjectivity of recreational ecosystem services has meant a clear impediment to assessing and mapping them. In this study, an integrated numerical spatial method is developed, which quantifies the supply and demand of recreational ecosystem services and allows mapping their spatial correspondence along a rural-urban gradient. The procedure also allows quantifying the influence of the landscape structure and the presence of protected areas on the degree of coupling between supply of recreational ecosystem services and demand for outdoor recreation and nature-based tourism and reveals that protected areas are hotspots of recreational ecosystem services. The results obtained highlight the usefulness of the methodological procedure developed as a tool for sustainable land planning and management from an integrative social-ecological approach.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:social-ecological systems; recreational ecosystem service hotspots; sustainable land planning and management; landscape structure; protected area effectiveness; supply-demand coupling; nature-based tourists; participatory planning procedures; local population well-being
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
ID Code:65814
Deposited On:28 May 2021 12:04
Last Modified:31 May 2021 07:50

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