Green Production of Glycerol Ketals with a Clay-Based Heterogeneous Acid Catalyst

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Amri, Sondes and Gómez, Jaime and Balea Martín, Ana and Merayo Cuevas, Noemí and Srasra, Ezzeddine and Besbes, Néji and Ladero Galán, Miguel (2019) Green Production of Glycerol Ketals with a Clay-Based Heterogeneous Acid Catalyst. Applied Sciences, 9 (21). p. 4488. ISSN 2076-3417

[thumbnail of applsci-09-04488-v2.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Creative Commons Attribution.

4MB

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214488




Abstract

Glycerol remains a bottleneck for the biodiesel industry as well as an opportunity from the biorefinery perspective, having a notable reactivity as a platform chemical. In particular, glycerol ketals can be envisaged as oxygenates for fuel formulation. In this study, we have focused on the green synthesis of glycerol ketals by reacting glycerol with acyclic (acetone, butanone) and cyclic (cyclohexanone) ketones in the presence of an acid activated clay Tunisian AC in homogeneous systems under quasi-solventless conditions. These reactions were followed by on-line Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) (namely, ReactIR 10). Firstly, the contacting time was selected studying the activity, stability and chemical characteristics of a set of catalysts. The 1-h activated clay AC was further characterized by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electronic Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Finally, the effect of the main operational variables (catalyst concentration, reagents molar ratio, time and temperature) were checked and we reflected on adequate second-order kinetic models with partial first-order deactivation.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:clay; green synthesis; glycerol; ketone; ketals; oxygenated additives; catalyst
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Biochemistry
Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
ID Code:66134
Deposited On:17 Jun 2021 14:04
Last Modified:18 Jun 2021 07:13

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page