Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces



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Guzmán Solis, Eduardo and Fernández Peña, Laura and Akanno, Andrew and Llamas, Sara and Ortega Gómez, Francisco and González Rubio, Ramón (2019) Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces. Coatings, 9 (7). p. 438. ISSN 2079-6412

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The assembly in solution of the cationic polymer poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and two different anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) and sodium N-lauroyl-N-methyltaurate (SLMT), has been studied. Additionally, the adsorption of the formed complexes at the water–vapor interface have been measured to try to shed light on the complex physico-chemical behavior of these systems under conditions close to that used in commercial products. The results show that, independently of the type of surfactant, polyelectrolyte-surfactant interactions lead to the formation of kinetically trapped aggregates in solution. Such aggregates drive the solution to phase separation, even though the complexes should remain undercharged along the whole range of explored compositions. Despite the similarities in the bulk behavior, the equilibration of the interfacial layers formed upon adsorption of kinetically trapped aggregates at the water–vapor interface follows different mechanisms. This was pointed out by surface tension and interfacial dilational rheology measurements, which showed different equilibration mechanisms of the interfacial layer depending on the nature of the surfactant: (i) formation layers with intact aggregates in the PDADMAC-SLMT system, and (ii) dissociation and spreading of kinetically trapped aggregates after their incorporation at the fluid interface for the PDADMAC-SLES one. This evidences the critical impact of the chemical nature of the surfactant in the interfacial properties of these systems. It is expected that this work may contribute to the understanding of the complex interactions involved in this type of system to exploit its behavior for technological purposes.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:polyelectrolyte; surfactants; kinetically trapped aggregates; interfaces; surface tension; interfacial dilational rheology; adsorption
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Physics
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
ID Code:66155
Deposited On:14 Jun 2021 15:18
Last Modified:15 Jun 2021 08:03

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