The Effect of Physical Activity and High Body Mass Index on Health-Related Quality of Life in Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome

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Marcos-Delgado, Alba and Fernández-Villa, Tania and Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel and Salas-Salvadó, Jordi and Corella, Dolores and Castañer, Olga and Martínez, J. Alfredo and Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M. and Wärnberg, Julia and Vioque, Jesús and Romaguera, Dora and López-Miranda, José and Estruch, Ramon and Tinahones, Francisco J and Lapetra, José and Serra-Majem, J. LLuís and García-Molina, Laura and Tur, Josep A. and de Paz, José Antonio and Pintó, Xavier and Delgado-Rodríguez, Miguel and Matía Martín, Pilar and Vidal, Josep and Vázquez, Clotilde and Daimiel, Lidia and Ros, Emilio and Babio, Nancy and Gimenez-Alba, Ignacio M and Toledo, Estefanía and Zomeño, María Dolores and Zulet, M. A. and Vaquero-Luna, Jessica and Pérez-López, Jessica and Pastor-Morel, Ana and Galmes-Panades, Aina M and García-Rios, Antonio and Casas, Rosa and Bernal-López, María Rosa and Santos-Lozano, José Manuel and Becerra-Tomás, Nerea and Ortega-Azorin, Carolina and Vázquez-Ruiz, Zenaida and Pérez-Vega, Karla Alejandra and Abete, Itziar and Sorto-Sánchez, Carolina and Palau-Galindo, Antoni and Galilea-Zabalza, Iñigo and Muñoz-Martínez, Júlia and Martín, Vicente (2020) The Effect of Physical Activity and High Body Mass Index on Health-Related Quality of Life in Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (10). p. 3728. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103728




Abstract

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the level of physical activity (PA) and the degree of obesity with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) who participated in the Predimed-Plus study. A total of 6875 subjects between 55 and 75 years of age with MetS were selected and randomized in 23 Spanish centers. Subjects were classified according to categories of body mass index (BMI). PA was measured with the validated Registre Gironí del Cor (REGICOR) questionnaire and subjects were classified according to their PA level (light, moderate, vigorous) and the HRQoL was measured with the validated short-form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire. By using the ANOVA model, we found a positive and statistically significant association between the level of PA and the HRQoL (aggregated physical and mental dimensions p < 0.001), but a negative association with higher BMI in aggregated physical dimensions p < 0.001. Furthermore, women obtained lower scores compared with men, more five points in all fields of SF-36. Therefore, it is essential to promote PA and body weight control from primary care consultations to improve HRQoL, paying special attention to the differences that sex incurs.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ealth-related quality of life; physical activity; obesity; body mass index; metabolic syndrome
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Dietetics and Nutrition
ID Code:66248
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 08:32
Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 08:34

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