Cyclic olefin polymer as a novel membrane material for membrane distillation applications

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Sabzekar, M. and Chenar, M. Pourafshari;, M. Pourafshari and Maghsoud, Z. and Mostaghisi, O. and García Payo, María del Carmen and Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed (2021) Cyclic olefin polymer as a novel membrane material for membrane distillation applications. Journal of membrane science, 621 . ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118845




Abstract

A first attempt was made to prepare cyclic olefin polymer/copolymer (COP/COC) flat-sheet porous membranes by the well-known non-solvent induced phase separation method. In this study, two solvents (chloroform and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene), different additives (polyvinylpyrrolidone, PVP, polyethylene glycol, PEG400, polyethylene oxide, PEO, and Sorbitan monooleate, Span 80) and coagulants (acetone and 70/30 wt% acetone/water mixture) were employed. The prepared membranes were characterized in terms of the thickness (70-85 mu m), porosity (-50-80%), liquid entry pressure (1.16-4.55 bar), water contact angle (similar to 86 degrees - 111 degrees), mean pore size (158-265 nm), mechanical properties (tensile strength: 0.74-5.51 MPa, elongation at break: 3.34%-7.94% and Young's modulus: 29-237 MPa), morphological and topographical characteristics. Short-term direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) tests showed maximum permeate fluxes of 20 kg m(-2) h(-1) and 15 kg m(-2) h(-1) when using as feed distilled water and 30 g/L sodium chloride aqueous solution, respectively, with a high salt separation factor (99.99%). Long-term DCMD tests of some selected membranes carried out during 24-50 h showed that the membranes prepared with PEG additive exhibited more stable DCMD performance. In general, it was proved that COP can be successfully used as a novel polymer candidate in membrane distillation (MD) applications.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through its project CTM2015-65348-C2-2-R, the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities through its project RTI2018-096042-B-C22 and also Sarkhoon and Qeshm Gas Refinery Company of Iran (No. 266270).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Hollow-fiber membranes; Flat-sheet membranes; Phase inversion membranes; Self-sustained webs; Waste-water; Experimental-design; Vacuum membrane; Mass-transport; Separation; Pvdf
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:66748
Deposited On:26 Jul 2021 09:44
Last Modified:18 Aug 2021 09:49

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