Allium porrum Extract Decreases Effector Cell Degranulation and Modulates Airway Epithelial Cell Function



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Benedé, Sara and Gradillas, Ana and Villalba Díaz, Mayte and Batanero Cremades, Eva (2019) Allium porrum Extract Decreases Effector Cell Degranulation and Modulates Airway Epithelial Cell Function. Nutrients, 11 (6). p. 1303. ISSN 2072-6643

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Allium genus plants, such as leek (Allium porrum), are rich sources of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant secondary metabolites; this is of interest because it demonstrates their suitability as pharmacological alternatives for inflammatory processes, including allergy treatment. The composition of methanolic leek extract (LE) was analyzed by GC–MS and LC–IT/MS, and the total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity were quantified by colorimetric methods. Its pharmacological potential was analyzed in human bronchial epithelial Calu-3 cells, human mast cells LAD2, and humanized rat basophiles RBL-2H3. LE exhibited a cytotoxic effect on Calu-3 cells and HumRBL-2H3 cells only at high concentrations and in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, LE decreased the degranulation of LAD2 and HumRBL-2H3 cells. LE treatment also significantly prevented alterations in transepithelial electrical resistance values and mRNA levels of glutathione-S-transferase (GST), c-Jun, and NFκB after treatment with H2O2 in ALI-cultured Calu-3 cells. Finally, ALI-cultured Calu-3 cells treated with LE showed lower permeability to Ole e 1 compared to untreated cells. A reduction in IL-6 secretion in ALI-cultured Calu-3 cells treated with LE was also observed. In summary, the results obtained in this work suggest that A. porrum extract may have potential anti-allergic effects due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study provides several important insights into how LE can protect against allergy.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Allium porrum; antioxidant activity; phenolic compounds; mast cell; epithelium
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Molecular biology
Sciences > Chemistry > Biochemistry
ID Code:66768
Deposited On:14 Jul 2021 14:19
Last Modified:15 Jul 2021 06:47

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