A Non-Viral Plasmid DNA Delivery System Consisting on a Lysine-Derived Cationic Lipid Mixed with a Fusogenic Lipid

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Martínez Negro, María and Sánchez Arribas, Natalia and Guerrero Martínez, Andrés and Moyá, María Luisa and Tros de Ilarduya, Conchita and Mendicuti, Francisco and Aicart Sospedra, Emilio and Junquera González, Elena (2019) A Non-Viral Plasmid DNA Delivery System Consisting on a Lysine-Derived Cationic Lipid Mixed with a Fusogenic Lipid. Pharmaceutics, 11 (12). p. 632. ISSN 1999-4923

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics11120632




Abstract

The insertion of biocompatible amino acid moieties in non-viral gene nanocarriers is an attractive approach that has been recently gaining interest. In this work, a cationic lipid, consisting of a lysine-derived moiety linked to a C12 chain (LYCl) was combined with a common fusogenic helper lipid (DOPE) and evaluated as a potential vehicle to transfect two plasmid DNAs (encoding green fluorescent protein GFP and luciferase) into COS-7 cells. A multidisciplinary approach has been followed: (i) biophysical characterization based on zeta potential, gel electrophoresis, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and cryo-transmission electronic microscopy (cryo-TEM); (ii) biological studies by fluorescence assisted cell sorting (FACS), luminometry, and cytotoxicity experiments; and (iii) a computational study of the formation of lipid bilayers and their subsequent stabilization with DNA. The results indicate that LYCl/DOPE nanocarriers are capable of compacting the pDNAs and protecting them efficiently against DNase I degradation, by forming Lα lyotropic liquid crystal phases, with an average size of ~200 nm and low polydispersity that facilitate the cellular uptake process. The computational results confirmed that the LYCl/DOPE lipid bilayers are stable and also capable of stabilizing DNA fragments via lipoplex formation, with dimensions consistent with experimental values. The optimum formulations (found at 20% of LYCl content) were able to complete the transfection process efficiently and with high cell viabilities, even improving the outcomes of the positive control Lipo2000*.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:lysine-derived cationic lipid; plasmid DNA; lipoplex; transfection; protection; compaction; gene delivery; multilamellar aggregates; molecular dynamics
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
ID Code:66770
Deposited On:14 Jul 2021 14:12
Last Modified:15 Jul 2021 06:50

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