Pain and Oral-Health-Related Quality of Life in Orthodontic Patients During Initial Therapy with Conventional, Low-Friction, and Lingual Brackets and Aligners (Invisalign): A Prospective Clinical Study

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Antonio Zancajo, Laura and Montero, Javier and Albaladejo, Alberto and Oteo Calatayud, María Dolores and Alvarado-Lorenzo, Alfonso (2020) Pain and Oral-Health-Related Quality of Life in Orthodontic Patients During Initial Therapy with Conventional, Low-Friction, and Lingual Brackets and Aligners (Invisalign): A Prospective Clinical Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9 (7). p. 2088. ISSN 2077-0383

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9072088




Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare pain and its relationship with the oral quality of life of patients with different types of orthodontic appliances: conventional and conventional low-friction brackets, lingual brackets, and aligners. A prospective clinical study was carried out with a sample size of 120 patients (54 men, 66 women) divided into 4 groups of 30 patients each. The modified McGill questionnaire was used to measure pain at 4, 8, and 24 h and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 days after the start of treatment, and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to measure the oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the first month of treatment. The maximum peak of pain was obtained between 24 and 48 h of treatment. It was found that patients in the lingual orthodontic group described lower levels of pain at all times analyzed, and their scores in the total OHIP-14 indicated less impact on their oral quality of life (1.3 ± 1.2, p < 0.01) compared with the other groups analyzed. There was little difference with the aligners group (Invisalign) (1.7 ± 1.9, p < 0.01). The technique used influences the pain and quality of life of patients at the start of orthodontic treatment.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:orthodontics; pain; oral quality of life; low-friction brackets; lingual orthodontics; Invisalign; oral health
Subjects:Medical sciences > Dentistry
Medical sciences > Dentistry > Orthodontics
ID Code:67505
Deposited On:25 Aug 2021 10:16
Last Modified:25 Aug 2021 10:16

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