Application of Machine Learning Techniques to Analyze Patient Returns to the Emergency Department

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Sarasa Cabezuelo, Antonio (2020) Application of Machine Learning Techniques to Analyze Patient Returns to the Emergency Department. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 10 (3). p. 81. ISSN 2075-4426

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10030081




Abstract

The study of the quality of hospital emergency services is based on analyzing a set of indicators such as the average time of first medical attention, the average time spent in the emergency department, degree of completion of the medical report and others. In this paper, an analysis is presented of one of the quality indicators: the rate of return of patients to the emergency service less than 72 h from their discharge. The objective of the analysis was to know the variables that influence the rate of return and which prediction model is the best. In order to do this, the data of the activity of the emergency service of a hospital of a reference population of 290,000 inhabitants were analyzed, and prediction models were created for the binary objective variable (rate of return to emergencies) using the logistic regression techniques, neural networks, random forest, gradient boosting and assembly models. Each of the models was analyzed and the result shows that the best model is achieved through a neural network with activation function tanh, algorithm levmar and three nodes in the hidden layer. This model obtains the lowest mean squared error (MSE) and the best area under the curve (AUC) with respect to the rest of the models used.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:machine learning algorithms; neural networks; emergency medicine
Subjects:Sciences > Computer science
Sciences > Computer science > Artificial intelligence
ID Code:67555
Deposited On:30 Aug 2021 07:40
Last Modified:30 Aug 2021 07:40

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