Interfacial coupling effect of Cr_2O_3 on the magnetic properties of Fe_72Ga_28 thin films

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Hontecillas, I. and Maicas, M. and Andrés, J.P. and Ranchal Sánchez, Rocío (2021) Interfacial coupling effect of Cr_2O_3 on the magnetic properties of Fe_72Ga_28 thin films. Scientific reports, 11 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92640-y




Abstract

Here it is investigated the effect of the antiferromagnet Cr_2O_3 on the magnetic properties of ferromagnetic Fe_72Ga_28 thin films. Sputtered Fe_72Ga_28 layers have their magnetization in the sample plane with a magnetic fluctuation that gives rise to magnetic ripple. In order to turn its magnetization into the out of plane (OOP) direction, it has been magnetically coupled with Cr_2O_3 that has magnetic moments along the c-axis, that is the perpendicular direction when properly aligned. Cr2O3 has been obtained from Cr oxidation, whereas Fe_72Ga_28 has been deposited on top of it by sputtering in the ballistic regime. Although a uniaxial in-plane magnetic anisotropy is expected for Fe_72Ga_28 thickness above 100 nm, the interfacial coupling with Cr2O3 prevents this anisotropy. The formation of stripe domains in Fe_72Ga_28 above a critical thickness reveals the enhancement of the out of plane component of the Fe_72Ga_28 magnetization with respect to uncoupled layers. Due to the interface coupling, the Fe72Ga28 magnetization turns into the out-of-plane direction as its thickness is gradually reduced, and a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of 3.10^6 erg.cm^(-3) is inferred from experimental results. Eventually, the coupling between Cr_2O_3 and Fe_72Ga_28 promotes an exchange-bias effect that has been well fitted by means of the random field model.


Item Type:Article
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©2021 The Author(s)
CAI Difraccion Rayos-X from UCM is acknowledged for XRD measurements. This work has been financially supported through the projects RTI2018-097895-B-C43 of the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation, and Universities, MAT2017-87072-C4-3-P of the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, and 'Plan Propio de la Universidad de Castilla - La Mancha' (FEDER, EU) for the 'Grupo de Materiales Magneticos (GMM)'. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Random-field model; Exchange bias; Fe-Ga; Anisotropy; Surface
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:67741
Deposited On:16 Sep 2021 18:29
Last Modified:17 Sep 2021 06:46

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