A versatile multicomponent mesoporous silica nanosystem with dual antimicrobial and osteogenic effects.

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Alvarez Corchado, Elena and Estévez Amado, Manuel and Jiménez Jiménez, Carla and Colilla Nieto, Montserrat and Izquierdo Barba, Isabel and González Ortiz, Blanca and Vallet Regí, María (2021) A versatile multicomponent mesoporous silica nanosystem with dual antimicrobial and osteogenic effects. Acta Biomaterialia . ISSN 1742-7061 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2021.09.027




Abstract

In this manuscript, we propose a simple and versatile methodology to design nanosystems based on biocompatible and multicomponent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for infection management. This strategy relies on the combination of antibiotic molecules and antimicrobial metal ions into the same nanosystem, affording a significant improvement of the antibiofilm effect compared to that of nanosystems carrying only one of these agents. The multicomponent nanosystem is based on MSNs externally functionalized with a polyamine dendrimer (MSN-G3) that favors internalization inside the bacteria and allows the complexation of multiactive metal ions (MSN-G3-M n+). Importantly, the selection of both the antibiotic and the cation may be done depending on clinical needs. Herein, levofloxacin and Zn2+ ion, chosen owing to both its antimicrobial and osteogenic capability, have been incorporated. This dual biological role of Zn2+ could have and adjuvant effect thought destroying the biofilm in combination with the antibiotic as well as aid to the repair and regeneration of lost bone tissue associated to osteolysis during infection process. The versatility of the nanosystem has been demonstrated incorporating Ag+ ions in a reference nanosystem. In vitro antimicrobial assays in planktonic and biofilm state show a high antimicrobial efficacy due to the combined action of levofloxacin and Zn2+, achieving an antimicrobial efficacy above 99% compared to the MSNs containing only one of the microbicide agents. In vitro cell cultures with MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts reveal the osteogenic capability of the nanosystem, showing a positive effect on osteoblastic differentiation while preserving the cell viability.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí)
ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí)
RESEARCHER ID M-9921-2014 (Isabel Izquierdo Barba)
ORCID 0000-0002-4139-4646 (Isabel Izquierdo Barba)
RESEARCHER ID N-4628-2014 (Montse Colilla Nieto)
ORCID 0000-0003-1961-4160 (Montse Colilla Nieto)
RESEARCHER ID K-4773-2015 (Blanca González Ortiz)
ORCID 0000-0002-0493-6071 (Blanca González Ortiz)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mesoporous silica nanoparticles, polycationic dendrimers, antibiotics, metal cations, biofilm, antimicrobial effect, osteogenic effect
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
ID Code:67928
Deposited On:23 Sep 2021 07:54
Last Modified:23 Sep 2021 08:06

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