Systematizing and addressing theory uncertainties of unitarization with the Inverse Amplitude Method



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Salas Bernárdez, Alexandre and Llanes Estrada, Felipe José and Oller, Jose Antonio and Escudero Pedrosa, Juan (2021) Systematizing and addressing theory uncertainties of unitarization with the Inverse Amplitude Method. SciPost physics, 11 (2). ISSN 2542-4653

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Effective Field Theories (EFTS) constructed as derivative expansions in powers of momentum, in the spirit of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT), are a controllable approximation to strong dynamics as long as the energy of the interacting particles remains small, as they do not respect exact elastic unitarity. This limits their predictive power towards new physics at a higher scale if small separations from the Standard Model are found at the LHC or elsewhere. Unitarized chiral perturbation theory techniques have been devised to extend the reach of the EFT to regimes where partial waves are saturating unitarity, but their uncertainties have hitherto not been addressed thoroughly. Here we take one of the best known of them, the Inverse Amplitude Method (IAM), and carefully following its derivation, we quantify the uncertainty introduced at each step. We compare its hadron ChPT and its electroweak sector Higgs EFT applications. We find that the relative theoretical uncertainty of the IAM at the mass of the first resonance encountered in a partial-wave is of the same order in the counting as the starting uncertainty of the EFT at near-threshold energies, so that its unitarized extension should a priori be expected to be reasonably successful. This is so provided a check for zeroes of the partial wave amplitude is carried out and, if they appear near the resonance region, we show how to modify adequately the IAM to take them into account.

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© A. Salas-Bernárdez et al.
This publication is supported by EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, STRONG-2020 project, under grant agreement No 824093; grants MINECO:FPA2016-75654-C2-1-P, MICINN: PID2019-108655GB-I00, PID2019-106080GB-C21 (Spain); Universidad Complutense de Madrid under research group 910309 and the IPARCOS institute; and the VBSCan COST Action CA16108. JAO would like to acknowledge partial finantial support by the grants FEDER (EU) and MINECO (Spain) FPA2016-77313-P and MICINN AEI (Spain) PID2019-106080GB-C222/AEI/10.13039/501100011033

Uncontrolled Keywords:Chiral perturbation-theory; Crossing symmetry violation; Equation analysis; Scalar radius; Pi-pi; Scattering; Higgs; Subtractions; Resonances; Behavior.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics
ID Code:67994
Deposited On:27 Oct 2021 18:35
Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 07:33

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